Hyperglycemia Symptoms and Treatment | Hyperglycemia vs Hypoglycemia | Yashoda Hospitals
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Hyperglycemia Symptoms and Treatment | Hyperglycemia vs Hypoglycemia | Yashoda Hospitals

October 4, 2019


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regular notifications What is Hyperglycemia? Diabetes patients can get hyperglycemia or high blood sugar. It is caused when the body does not: 1. Have enough insulin (Type 1) 2. Use insulin properly (Type 2) Causes of hyperglycemia are: Skipping or forgetting to take insulin Consuming more carbohydrates Stress Illness Exercising less than normal The dawn phenomenon (early morning surge in hormones) Some early hyperglycemia symptoms are: Blood sugar higher than 180 mg/dL Increased thirst Frequent urination Headache Lack of concentration Tiredness Prolonged hyperglycemia is a serious threat. It can lead to: Nerve damage Blood vessel damage Organ damage There is also possibility of 2 life-threatening conditions: Ketoacidosis It is the build-up of ketones in the blood. Some symptoms are: Fruity breath Frequent urination 2. Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketoic Syndrome (HHNS): Persistent high blood sugar (above 600 mg/dL) leads to it. Some symptoms are: Dry mouth Frequent urination Warm skin without sweat Hyperglycemia treatment Consult your doctor if you suspect hyperglycemia. The doctor may recommend: Exercise: Only if no ketones in the urine Change eating habits Change medication Hyperglycemia vs hypoglycemia Hypoglycemia refers to low blood sugar levels (below 70mg/dL). It should be treated immediately with the 15-15 rule: Consume 15g of fast-acting carbohydrate – 1tsp glucose or honey 2. Glucose should read above 70 mg/dL after 15 minutes 3. If not, repeat step 1 and 2 Go to a diabetologist soon mandatorily. Severe hypoglycemia is a medical emergency, call an ambulance quickly. If hypoglycemia is not treated immediately, it can lead to: Loss of consciousness Coma Death [Music]

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